Thus Quilon became the official protectorate of the Dutch and their officer in-charge, Rijcklof van Goens, placed a military troop in the city to protect it from probable invasions from Portuguese and the British. Kattakayal, a freshwater lake in the city, connects another water-body named Vattakkayal with Lake Ashtamudi. The captain of one of the Portuguese fleets saw an Arab ship is loading pepper from the port and that burst fighting between them. Downtown Kollam is the main CBD of Kollam city. , In 2014, former Kollam Mayor Mrs. Prasanna Earnest was selected as the Best Lady Mayor of South India by the Rotary Club of Trivandrum Royal. The 300-year-old Juma-'Ath Palli at Karuva houses the mortal remains of a Sufi saint, Syed Abdur Rahman Jifri. The city hosts the administrative offices of Kollam district and is a prominent trading city for the state. It is a multipurpose stadium and has repeatedly hosted such sports events as the Ranji Trophy, Santhosh Trophy and National Games. The National Waterway 3 and Ithikkara river are two important waterways passing through the city. There are also small communities of Anglo-Indians, Konkani Brahmins, Telugu Chetty and Bengali migrant labourers settled in the city. The event has been rescheduled from 2012.. Dalavapuram bridge near Kollam City - This bridge had given a new way of connectivity for the people of Dalavapuram with Kollam City along with the existing boat services. Kollam junction has world's second longest railway platform, measuring 1180.5 m(3873 ft). Kollam Beach Wikipedia. Venad, ruled by the dynasty of the same name, was in the Ay kingdom. Kollam district (formerly Quilon) is one of 14 districts of the state of Kerala, India.The district has a cross-section of Kerala's natural attributes; it is endowed with a long coastline, a major Laccadive Sea seaport and an inland lake (Ashtamudi Lake).The district has many source of waterbodies. The last Chera ruler, Rama Varma Kulashekhara, was the first ruler of an independent state of Quilon. The main venue of Kollam Fest is the historic and gigantic Ashramam Maidan. The Kallada river, another river that flows through the suburbs of the city, empties into Ashtamudi Lake, while the Ithikkara river runs to Paravur Kayal. The city of Kollam is a microcosm of Kerala state and its residents belong to varied religious, ethnic and linguistic groups.  Kerala Maritime Institute is situated at Neendakara in Kollam city to give maritime training for the students in Kerala. References. , Kottukadu Juma Masjid in Chavara, Elampalloor Juma-A-Masjid, Valiyapalli in Jonakappuram, Chinnakada Juma Masjid, Juma-'Ath Palli in Kollurvila, Juma-'Ath Palli in Thattamala and Koivila Juma Masjid in Chavara are the other major Mosques in Kollam.. Other important towns in the city suburbs are Eravipuram, Kottiyam, Kannanallur and Chavara. Legend has it that Jatayu, a character from Ramayana, tried to rescue Sita from being kidnapped by Ravana breathed his last at this place. Book 11", New proof for Pre-Portuguese mission in Kollam, "A short history of the Kerala Secretariat as building celebrates 150 years", "Emergence of antiques triggers treasure hunt in Kollam", "A stream fading into historyg - The Hindu", "9 of the Least Polluted Cities on Earth You Could Consider Moving To", "For 2nd year in row, Kerala tops list of most welcoming places: Report", "Thrikadavur becomes part of Kollam city", "Building Permit Management System -Kollam Corporation", "CPI(M) rides to power in five of six corporations in Kerala", "ANALYSIS OF CENSUS DATA - Census of India Website", "Delhi ranked 23rd in mega survey of 53 Indian cities", ":: The Kerala State Cashew Development Corporation Limited ::", "Ashtamudi short-neck clam fisheries becomes India's first MSC certified fisheries", "Aviation school proposal evokes mixed response", "West Bengal: tea plantations and other Raj-era relics", "New DRM optimistic about suburban project - KERALA", "Thiruvananthapuram: KSRTC executive directors in-charge of zones", "Kerala State Water Transport Department - Introduction", Kollam cashew importers suffering due to port congestion at tuticorin terminal, Shreyas Shipping starts Kochi-Kollam container service, Shreyas Shipping inaugurates Kollam port with new service, "Admission Process Starts at KSID for New Diploma Courses", "States-Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship", "Maritime institute to come up at Neendakara", "Steps begun to set up Maritime university", "Which is the best banking coaching centre in India - Kollam", "Engineering graduates opt for banking sector", "President's Trophy boat race on November 1", "Kerala temple: Where the lady with the lamp is a man", "Here, bells on tree answer your prayers", "No permission for RSS to conduct 'shakha' in temple: Kerala HC told", "Population of Kollam City - Census 2011 data", Cashew Export Promotion Council of India (CEPCI), United Electrical Industries Limited(UNILEC), N. S. Memorial Institute of Medical Sciences, Indian Institute of Infrastructure and Construction, Younus College of Engineering & Technology, Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya, Thrikkannamangal, Mount Carmel Convent Anglo-Indian Girls High School, Nediyiruppu Swaroopam (Kingdom of Calicut), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Kollam&oldid=999326884, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with a promotional tone from January 2018, Wikipedia articles with style issues from January 2018, Articles that may contain original research from June 2018, All articles that may contain original research, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, Pages using infobox settlement with possible nickname list, Pages using infobox settlement with possible demonym list, Articles containing Portuguese-language text, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2011, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2010, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Travancore Archaeological Series (T.A.S.) Along with (Muziris), Quilon was an ancient seaport on the Malabar Coast of India from the early centuries before the Christian era. April–November is the wet season, with considerably more rain than during December–March. They came as traders and established a trading center at Tangasseri in Quilon during 1502. After AD.23, so many merchant travellers, explorers, missionaries, apostles and army commanders visited Quilon, as Quilon was the most important trading port in India. , During the 12th century, the Venad dynasty merged the remnants of the old Ay Dynasty to them forming the Chirava Mooppan (the ruling King) and the Thrippappur Mooppan (the Crown Prince). With the arrival of the Dutch and their peace treaty signing with Quilon, the Portuguese started losing their authority on Quilon and later, Quilon officially became a Dutch protectorate.  The beach sands of the district have concentrations of such heavy minerals as Ilmenite, Rutile, Monosite and Zircon, which offer scope for exploitation for industrial purposes. The Hindu kings of Vijayanagar empire ruled Venad briefly in the 16th century. Other major industries in the private/cooperative sector are Aluminium Industries Ltd. in Kundara, Thomas Stephen & Co. in Kollam, Floorco in Paravur and Cooperative Spinning Mill in Chathannoor. Roman trade with ancient Coastal South West India, "Kollam, Ashtamudi Lake - great alternatives to Kochi, Vembanad Lake", "The Asiatic Journal and Monthly Register for British India", "Ingots found in Kollam throws light on life of Megalithic people", "Emergence of antiques triggers treasure hunt in Kollam", "Megalithic age idols unearthed in Kerala", "Tamil saw its first book in 1578 - The Hindu", http://www.vaikhari.org/kollavarsham.html, "The ugly and good side of conversions in South Asia", "How the Portuguese used Hindu-Muslim wars - and Christianity - for the bloody conquest of Goa", "Additional notes and corrections to the translation of the, Cashew Export Promotion Council of India (CEPCI), Kerala State Cashew Development Corporation Limited, United Electrical Industries Limited(UNILEC), N. S. Memorial Institute of Medical Sciences, Indian Institute of Infrastructure and Construction, Younus College of Engineering & Technology, Sree Narayana Guru College of Legal Studies, Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya, Thrikkannamangal, Mount Carmel Convent Anglo-Indian Girls High School, Nediyiruppu Swaroopam (Kingdom of Calicut), Portuguese colonialism in the East Indies, Theory of the Portuguese discovery of Australia, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=History_of_Kollam&oldid=997708373, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 1 January 2021, at 21:14. Ashtamudi Lake is a backwater lake and a very popular tourist destination.  Ammachiveedu Muhurthi temple is another major temple in the city that have been founded around 600 years ago by the Ammachi Veedu family, aristocrats from Kollam. 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