Indirect Assessment refers to any method of collecting data that requires reflection on student learning, skills, or behaviors, rather than a demonstration of it. A good rule of thumb is to use direct assessment of student learning, whenever possible. The table below illustrates examples of assessment methods and how they are generally classified. Examples of Direct and Indirect Evidence . Direct and Indirect Measurements. Whenever appropriate, scoring keys help identify the knowledge, skills, and/or dispositions assessed by means of the particular assessment instrument, thus documenting student learning directly. Examples of Direct and Indirect Measures of Student Learning (Course, Program, and Institutional Levels) Direct Measures Indirect Measures Course Course and homework assignments Examinations and quizzes Standardized tests Term papers and reports Observations of field work, internship Indirect methods provide a valuable supplement to direct methods and are generally a part of a robust assessment program. Indirect measures provide a less concrete view of student learning; for example, attitudes, perceptions, feelings, values, etc. Examples of Indirect Measures of Student Learning Examples of Direct / Indirect Institutional Assessment Performance on tests of writing, critical thinking, or general knowledge Rubric scores for class assignments in General Education, interdisciplinary core courses, or other courses required of all students With direct measurements, measuring instruments such as Vernier calipers, micrometers, and coordinate measuring machines are used to measure the dimensions of the target directly. Strong program assessment plans often include both direct and indirect assessments of student learning. It is important to remember that whether a specific method is direct or indirect … The professor can gauge exactly how well and to what level a student is learning and using terminology, concepts and theories. Indirect measures imply student learning by employing self‐reported data and reports. There are two methods for performing dimensional measurements: direct measurement and indirect measurement. Examples of Indirect Measures in Student Affairs Indirect • CHS – focus groups and satisfaction survey • Campus Recreation- Campus Impact Study (Benchmarking) • Project Union – Event Evaluation from participants, team evaluation and a post project survey after each event, and individual reflections. when and where to use indirect and direct measures Direct measures are perfectly situated in course level assessment of student learning. – Direct assessment involves students doing something—that is demonstrating the extent of their knowledge / abilities of a given learning outcome – Indirect assessment involves perception of that ability / knowledge • Perceptions help guide us, but they complement our direct knowledge of student ability, not replace it. Indirect measures help to substantiate instances of student learning. Ratio of performance assessments to paper-and-pencil test (C) Direct and Indirect Assessment Direct Assessment refers to any method of collecting data that requires students to demonstrate a knowledge, skill, or behavior. Below are some examples of indirect assessment techniques: External Reviewers Peer review of academic programs is a widely accepted method for assessing curricular sequences as well as course development and delivery. Then supplement these results with indirect measures of student learning whenever it is …

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