© 2019 Encyclopedia.com | All rights reserved. You know how herbs and spices can wake up just about any food. Herbs and Spices really are little bundles of aromatic seeds, barks, berries and leaves. Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Parsley. describes some eight hundred different medicinal remedies and numerous medicinal procedures. Encyclopedia.com. Many different forms of this recipe exist, but they generally revolve around the same spices. A mixture of herbs that thrive in southern France during the summer: marjoram, oregano, rosemary, savory, and thyme. The derivation of the word spice from the Latin species, meaning articles of commerce, suggests that these were plants that early Europeans could not grow, but instead had to trade for via Asia or Africa. plant that which is called herb, but more distinctly, spices are usually in a dry form). French tarragon is in the Asteraceae (daisy family), members of which grow mostly in temperate regions all over the world. Herbs generally refers to the leafy green or flowering parts of a plant (either fresh or dried), while spices are usually dried and produced from other parts of the plant, including seeds, bark, roots and fruits. This preview shows page 1 - 2 out of 2 pages. Usually the constituents of medicinal value to humans are secondary metabolites produced by plants for purposes other than growth. Dried herbs should be green (not brown) and should retain a lot of flavor when crushed. Use moderation, and tell your doctor about any herbal supplements you take. Much Southeast Asian cooking, especially in Vietnam and Thailand, demands fresh rather than dried herbs to obtain their distinctive flavors. London: Macmillan Reference, 1999. The terms herb and spice are popular terms for plants or plant products that are used as flavorings or scents (e.g., spices and culinary herbs), drugs (e.g., medicinal herbs), and less frequently as perfumes, dyes, and stimulants. • In Culinary World: herbs come from the leafy/green part of the plant (to distinguish them from the spices, which are the roots/stem/bark/seeds of a plant, and can be from the same plant that which is called herb, but more distinctly, spices are usually in a dry form). Basically everything you … Herbs are the green, leafy parts of plants. Evidence of trading and use of herbs and spices is in the writings, among others, of the Greek physician Dioscorides and the Roman civil servant Pliny the Elder in the first century c.e. Some of these are synthetic copies of the active compounds found in older herbal remedies, while others are more effective chemicals modeled on these naturally occurring compounds. https://www.encyclopedia.com/food/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/herbs-and-spices, Woodward, Penny "Herbs and Spices Hyde Flippo taught the German language for 28 years at high school and college levels and published several books on the German … The scents and flavors of herbs and spices originate from the essential oils in the plant material. The spice saffron is native to more temperate regions, and most of it is grown in and exported from Spain, Kashmir, Greece, and Iran. Encyclopedia of Herbs and Their Uses. Most commercially grown herbs are produced in temperate regions, as are the seed spices, such as coriander, dill, cumin, caraway, and fennel. Spices and herbs consist of rhizomes, bulbs, barks, flower buds, stigmas, fruits, seeds, and leaves. Most people eat or use herbs and spices in some form every day, in vanilla ice cream, chili and Worcestershire sauces, alcoholic drinks such as gin, in cinnamon buns and in seed breads. The distinct flavors and smells of spices and culinary herbs are usually due to essential oils, while the active components of medicinal herbs also include many kinds of steroids, alkaloids, and glycosides. These spices launched Europe and Britain, attempting to satiate their desires for these exotic ingredients, into the age of exploration. For the most part, chefs use the terms "spices and herbs" interchangeably, but there are differences. Medicinal Plants Portland, Ore.: Timber Press, 1990. Christopher Columbus discovered America while searching for a new sea route to the Spice Islands. Encyclopedia.com. Advocates for organic gardening insist that conditions most closely approximating wild conditions are best for growing herbs, especially medicinal herbs, because the use of pesticides and herbicides can alter the plants' constituents, thereby altering their flavors and medicinal attributes. The herbs and spices in this family include sweet bay, camphor, cassia, cinnamon, and sassafras. Here are the health benefits of some of our favorite herbs and spices-plus delicious ways to use them. In France rosemary was customarily placed in the hands of the deceased before burial, and in England sprigs of rosemary were thrown into the open grave. These sauces are spread on bread, spooned into pasta or rice, added to soup, used as a marinade, spread over cooked meat, or used as a dip. Mints represent the largest essential-oil crop in the United States. Each spice is usually grown in just a handful of countries and then exported all over the world. ." They are mostly found in tropical and subtropical regions of the world. Technically, herbs come from aromatic plants grown in temperate zones, whereas spices are products of tropical plants. This makes it almost impossible to generalize about their uses and properties. Spices are an essential component of cuisines from all over the world. . These oils are a complex combination of organic compounds such as alcohols, esters, and aldehydes. Lane Cove, New South Wales, Australia: Hodder and Stoughton, 1979. Newgarden, Robert; Tebbitt, Mark "Herbs and Spices These oils are often the by-products of another industry, and citrus oils, extracted from the skins of oranges, lemons, and limes, account for a large proportion of the essential oil industry. Many old uses. Essentially, any part of the plant that is not a leaf and can be used for seasoning would fall into the spice category. Still, that’s about the extent of what you need to know to grow herbs. Cilantro leaves and roots, lemongrass, garlic, ginger, turmeric, and chili are used fresh in traditional dishes from these countries. Modern methods of preservation led to a decrease in the use of spices in many Western countries, and at the same time, with modern methods of transportation, spices became ubiquitous and relatively cheap. This herb calms the nervous system, increases vitality, and also has aphrodisiac effects. For example, the best cinnamon still comes from its native Sri Lanka; cassia come from China, Indonesia, and Vietnam; cloves come from the Moluccas, Zanzibar, and Madagascar; pepper comes from India, Indonesia, and Malaysia; and ginger comes from Jamaica, Nigeria, and India. In the culinary arts, the word spice refers to any dried part of a plant, other than the leaves, used for seasoning and flavoring a recipe, but not used as the main ingredient. Balance Team. In many cases, the molecules that bring those scents…, Herbert, Wally 1934-2007 (Walter William Herbert), Herbert, Sandra 1942- (Sandra Lynn Swanson Herbert), Herculano de Carvalho e Araújo, Alexandre, https://www.encyclopedia.com/food/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/herbs-and-spices, https://www.encyclopedia.com/science/news-wires-white-papers-and-books/herbs-and-spices, Tropical to warm temperate, Asia and Africa, Tomato dishes, salad, stuffings, sauces, soups, Soups, stews, stir-fries, sauces, meats, desserts, Salads, pork, chicken, seafood, eggs, drinks, teas, Salads, stir-fries, sauces, cheese, garnishes, Salads, stir-fries, sauces, cheese, breads, garnishes, Fresh leaves, flowers, roots, dried seeds, Salads, stir-fries, soups, chicken, fish, eggs, garnishes, Curries, pickles, chutneys, fish, vegetables, rice, Salads, stir-fries, chicken, seafood, sauces, garnishes, Fresh and dried leaves, fresh stem base, dried seeds, Salads, stir-fries, eggs, seafood, sauces, soups, vegetables, Salads, stir-fries, sauces, soups, cheese, garnishes, Tropical to warm temperate India and Ceylon, Soups, stir-fries, beef, chicken, seafood, sauces, teas, Marjoram and oregano Origanum species Lamiaceae, Soups, stews, sauces, cheese, breads, eggs, vegetables, Salads, sauces, lamb, chicken, seafood, garnishes, drinks, teas, Salads, sauces, cheese, garnishes on most foods, Stews, sauces, soups, stuffings, breads, eggs, teas, Temperate, Mediterranean and North Africa, Salads, soups, stews, chicken, seafood, eggs, vegetables. 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