Miletos mint. (371). Demetrius I (/dɪˈmiːtriəs/; Ancient Greek: Δημήτριος; 337–283 BC), called Poliorcetes (/ˌpɒliɔːrˈsiːtiːz/; Greek: Πολιορκητής, "The Besieger"), son of Antigonus I Monophthalmus and Stratonice, was a Macedonian nobleman, military leader, and finally king of Macedon (294–288 BC). Demetrius was married five times; his first wife was Phila daughter of Regent Antipater by whom he had two children: Stratonice of Syria and Antigonus II … Demetrius campaigned in Greece again c. 295 BCE when he removed the tyrant Lachares from Athens and defeated Sparta. For only $5 per month you can become a member and support our mission to engage people with cultural heritage and to improve history education worldwide. Our latest articles delivered to your inbox, once a week: Numerous educational institutions recommend us, including Oxford University and Michigan State University and University of Missouri. Rhodes, a strategically important island throughout antiquity, was a particularly prosperous trade centre in Hellenistic times and an ally of Ptolemy. Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization. In 303 BCE the city of Sicyon in the Peloponnese surrendered on the mere sight of Demetrius’ formidable siege engines, and in 302 BCE the League of Corinth was resurrected which would prove useful one year later. Wednesday, January 1, 336 B.C. Demetrius I Poliorcetes portrayed on a tetradrachm coin In 302 BC, he returned a second time to Greece as liberator, and reinstated the Corinthian League, but his licentiousness and extravagance made the Athenians long for the government of Cassander. What are synonyms for Demetrius I of Macedon? Demetrius I (Greek: Δημήτριος, 337-283 BC), called Poliorcetes (Greek: Πολιορκητής - "The Besieger"), son of Antigonus I Monophthalmus and Stratonice, was a king of Macedon (294288 BC). Cite This Work `Osawatomie' Brown's 66-Great Grandfather. In 229 BCE Demetrius concentrated all his forces on countering this new threat. Last modified March 23, 2016. Roman copy from 1st century AD of a Greek original from 3rd century BC. Synonyms for Demetrius I of Macedon in Free Thesaurus. On his accession he was faced by an Aetolian and Achaean coalition, later joined by an Epirote League. Ultimately, the campaign was another disappointment and the siege ended in a negotiated truce. Demetrius I of Macedon is the most famous person named Demetrius. 2 synonyms for Demetrius Poliorcetes: Demetrius, Demetrius I. Demetrius I Poliorcetes (literally, “the besieger of the city”). Demetrius gained his title of ‘Besieger of Cities’ when he blockaded Rhodes for a year. Earlier Established Forms He belonged to the An He was, according to Plutarch, buried at the city he had founded and which bore his name, Demetrias in Thessaly. Map of the Successor Kingdoms, c. 303 BCEby Javierfv1212 (Public Domain). Among his outrages was his courtship of a young boy named Democles the Handsome. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The Ancient History Encyclopedia logo is a registered EU trademark. The tower also had a beam fitted to its front which was decorated with a ram’s head and used to punch holes in fortification walls. Kingdom of Macedon. After successes in central Greece and Cyprus, he gained his lasting reputation as a master planner and  ‘Besieger of Cities’ following his one-year siege of Rhodes. Demetrius in the end of his reign defended his domain from the tribal peoples of the north. He is the subject of one of Plutarch’s Lives. The huge battle was said to have involved 150,000 men and 475 elephants. (monogram); Newell-49; ADM I Series XIII. Demetrius I of Macedonby Carole Raddato (CC BY-SA). HM George I's 60-Great Grandfather. Ptolemy offered a peace deal in 287 BCE, and Demetrius set his sights on Asia Minor and Seleucus. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Ancient History Encyclopedia, 23 Mar 2016. License. This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon this content non-commercially, as long as they credit the author and license their new creations under the identical terms. Demetrius I — may refer to: Demetrius I Soter (born 185 BC, reign 161 150 BC), ruler of the Hellenistic Seleucid Empire Demetrius I of Macedon (337 283 BC), king of Macedon Demetrius I of Bactria, Greco Bactrian king (reigned c. 200 180 BC) Demetrius I of… … Recalled by his father from Greece, he fought in the Battle of Ipsus, in which his father was killed and lost much of his empire (301). Ex. invaded Macedon he was forced (285 B.C.) Demetrius Poliorcetes - son of Antigonus Cyclops and king of Macedonia; he and his father were defeated at the battle of Ipsus (337-283 BC) He made his fourth diplomatic marriage, this time to Lanassa, ex-wife of Pyrrhus, and so gained Corcyra (Corfu). Noun 1. Please note that content linked from this page may have different licensing terms. He finally surrendered to Seleucus I Nicator in Cilicia (285) and died there (283). Demetrius I (Demetrius Poliorcetes) dĭmē´trēəs pŏl˝ēôrsē´tēz [ key], c.337–283 BC, king of Macedon. Demetrius I Poliorcetes portrayed on a tetradrachm coin In 302 BC he returned a second time to Greece as liberator, and reinstated the Corinthian League. King of Macedonia from 306 to 286 (with interruptions). As a reward for this great victory Antigonus announced that Demetrius would, from now on, be joint king with him. Demetrius, still in control of such important cities as Cyprus, Corinth, and Ephesos, was offered a way back into the chaotic political theatre of the Successor Wars when his daughter Stratonice married Seleucus and in return Demetrius was given Cilicia c. 299 BCE. Marriage and family. Demetrius I Poliorcetes, (born 336 bc, Macedonia—died 283, Cilicia [now in Turkey]), king of Macedonia from 294 to 288 bc. Ancient History Encyclopedia. But the battle-weary Macedonian army suffered a disastrous defeat. Born: 274 BC Died: 229 BC. When Alexander the Great died in 323 BCE, he left behind an empire... Lysimachus (c. 361-281 BCE) was one of Alexander the Great’s... Macedon was an ancient kingdom located in the north of the Greek... Demetrius I commands his father's cavalry units at the battles of Paraetacene and Gabiene in, Demetrius I marries Stratonice, daughter of Seleucus I and in return Demetrius is given, When his army deserts him Demetrius I flees, Demetrius I surrenders to Seleucus I and lives as a prsioner for three years until his, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. Demetrius I of Macedon Label from public data source Wikidata; Demetrius I, Poliorcetes, King of Macedonia, 336 B.C.-283 B.C. 24 Dec 2020. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Demetrius-I-Poliorcetes, Military History Encyclopedia on the Web - Biography of Demetrius I Poliorcetes (336-283). Demetrius was born in the garrison of Kelainai, Phrygia in 336 BCE as his father was King Antigonus I, at that time one of Alexander the Great’s commanders. Unsuccessful against Ptolemy I Soter, satrap of Egypt, and against the Nabataeans, he liberated Athens from the Macedonian Cassander in 307 bc and in 306 decisively defeated Ptolemy at Salamis (Cyprus). His son, Antigonus II Antigonus II (Antigonus Gonatas) , c.320–239 B.C., king of Macedon, son of Demetrius I. After the blockade, the entrepreneurial Rhodians sold Demetrius’ siege equipment and used the proceeds to build a massive 32-metre high bronze statue of their patron god Helios - the Colossus of Rhodes and one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. Mark is a history writer based in Italy. His descendants remained in possession of the Macedonian throne till the time of Perseus, when Macedon was conquered by the Romans in 168 BC. Early posthumous issue under Demetrius I Poliorcetes (306-283 BC), struck circa 295/4 BC. Agnes Harris's 52-Great Grandfather. (336). Demetrius first came to prominence in c. 317 BCE when he commanded his father’s cavalry units at the battles of Paraetacene and Gabiene in Persia. He, thus, describes, like an actor, Demetrius’ taste in dress: ...there was something intensely theatrical about Demetrius. He married Phila, daughter of Antipater, who would, later on, become a useful Macedonian connection. Antonyms for Demetrius I of Macedon. Corrections? Demetrius acquired his surname of Soter, or Savior, from the Babylonians, whom he delivered from the tyranny of the Median satrap, Timarchus. 016: To the Strongest - The 3rd War of the Diadochi & the Babylonian War - Duration: 29:55. to take refuge with Seleucus, who held him until he died. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Demetrius I of Macedon ... Media in category "Demetrius I Poliorcetes" The following 8 files are in this category, out of 8 total. Demetrius I (/dɪˈmiːtriəs/; Ancient Greek: Δημήτριος ; 337–283 BC), called Poliorcetes (/ˌpɒliɔːrˈsiːtiːz/; Greek: Πολιορκητής , The Besieger), son of Antigonus I Monophthalmus and Stratonice, was a Macedonian nobleman, military leader, and finally king of Macedon (294–288 BC). Macedonia (/ ˌ m æ s ɪ ˈ d oʊ n i ə / ; Ancient Greek: Μακεδονία), also called Macedon (/ ˈ m æ s ɪ d ɒ n /), was an ancient kingdom on the periphery of Archaic and Classical Greece , and later the dominant state of Hellenistic Greece . Among his outrages was his courtship of a young boy named Democles the Handsome. He belonged to the Antigonid dynasty.…more Demetrius I Poliorcetes portrayed on a tetradrachmcoin In 302 BC he returned a second time to Greece as liberator, and reinstated the Corinthian League. Demetrius was the son of Alexander the Great’s general Antigonus I Monophthalmus, in whose campaigns he commanded with distinction and whose empire, based in Asia, he attempted to rebuild. He belonged to the Antigonid dynasty . Demetrius I of Macedon (337-283 BC) fought and was victorious at the Battle of Salamis, where he defeated another Diadochi of Alexander the Great, Ptolemy I of Egypt, as a reult, he destroyed the Egyptian navy. Demetrius I of Macedon, also known as Demetrios Poliorcetes, the 'Besieger' (c. 336 - c. 282 BCE), was a Macedonian king who, along with his father Antigonus I, fought for control of Alexander the Great ’s empire in the 'Successor Wars'. The Antigonids were treated as liberating heroes by the Athenians and given all manner of honours, including their own cults. https://www.ancient.eu/Demetrius_I_of_Macedon/. Silver Tetradrachm of Demetrius I of Macedonby Mark Cartwright (CC BY-NC-SA). Find out more about the greatest Greek Emperors & Kings, including Alexander the Great, Leonidas I, Philip II of Macedon, Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark and Constantine II of Greece They are considered the most important person in history born with the first name of Demetrius. Poss. Demetrius’ fortunes further improved in 307 BCE when he successfully led a campaign in Greece to free Athens from Demetrius of Phaleron. Web. Demetrius gained distinction as a boy by defeating and dethroning Alexander of Epirus, thus saving Macedonia (c. 263). NGC Choice AU Strike 5/5, Surface 4/5, Fine Style. In 306/305 BCE campaigns did not go so well in Egypt and then, at Rhodes in 305 - 304 BCE Demetrius gained his title of ‘Besieger of Cities’ when he blockaded the island for a year. Demetrius I of Macedon, also known as Demetrios Poliorcetes, the 'Besieger' (c. 336 - c. 282 BCE), was a Macedonian king who, along with his father Antigonus I, fought for control of Alexander the Great ’s empire in the 'Successor Wars'. Siege towers were not new but Demetrius’ was the largest so far seen and was so massive it reportedly took 3,400 men to mobilise it. The ‘Besieger’, then, was a victim of his times, an age when rulers without lands or rulers with lands but no particular ancestral ties to them, squabbled for the pieces of Alexander’s broken empire. He holds an MA in Political Philosophy and is the Publishing Director at AHE. However, in 288 BCE, when his army realised that Lysimachus, Ptolemy, Seleucus and Pyrrhus were all marching on Macedon, they refused to take the field and Demetrius was forced to flee south. Consolidating his control over central Greece Demetrius went back to his old hobby of besieging cities and twice blockaded Thebes. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... …support of his brilliant son Demetrius (336–283), known as Poliorcetes, or Besieger, who ousted the other Demetrius and restored the democracy and eventually the League of Corinth; he was hymned with divine honours and given the Parthenon as his palace. But his licentiousness and extravagance made the Athenians long for the government of Cassander. Price-2148 corr. Cartwright, M. (2016, March 23). "Demetrius I of Macedon." Retrieved from https://www.ancient.eu/Demetrius_I_of_Macedon/. Demetrius, once heir to a great empire and King of Macedon for seven years, died a prisoner of Seleucus, albeit, one kept in a gilded cage. Argaeus I Of Macedon Wikiwand. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. However, the first time he took sole command of an army did not go well, he lost in a battle against Ptolemy I and Seleucus I Nikator in Gaza in 312 BCE. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Ancient History Encyclopedia Limited is a non-profit company registered in the United Kingdom. On Demetrius’ character Plutarch, comparing him with Rome’s Mark Antony, said, Both men were redoubtable womanizers, drinkers and fighters, both were open-handed, extravagant and arrogant, and these resemblances were reflected in the similarity of their fortunes. Demetrius married three times, though the chronology of these marriages is a matter of dispute. Antigonus was killed and Demetrius retreated to the Isthmus of Corinth. It is also noticeable that Demetrius allowed the restoration of the Athenian democracy and left no garrison at Athens and nor did he in other liberated cities such as Megara. The grail was his: Demetrius was king of Macedon. Demetrius, leading the cavalry and after an initial success, may have charged too deep into the enemy and exposed his father’s flank to an attack from Seleucus’ elephants. Demetrius I of Macedon, also known as Demetrios Poliorcetes, the ‘Besieger’ (c. 336 - c. 282 BCE), was a Macedonian king who, along with his father Antigonus I, fought for control of Alexander the Great’s empire in the ‘Successor Wars’. He then set his sights on the Macedonian throne, which he claimed in 294 BCE with the help of Phila and after murdering Alexander V. Demetrius then established a new Macedonian capital in Magnesia in southern Thessaly, Demetrias. Demetrius I of Macedon. A battle with the Dardanians turned out disastrously, and he died shortly afterwards, leaving Philip, his son by Chryseis, still a child. Demetrius I (/dɪˈmiːtriəs/; Greek: Δημήτριος; 337–283 BC), called Poliorcetes (/ˌpɒli.ɔːrˈsiːtiːz/; Greek: Πολιορκητής, "The Besieger"), son of Antigonus I Monophthalmus and Stratonice, was a Macedonian Greek nobleman, military leader, and finally king of Macedon (294–288 BC). He is the subject of one of Plutarch’s Lives biographies. Their Zodiac sign is ♑ Capricorn. Alexander III the Great (336-323 BC). Then in yet another marriage of convenience, he made a treaty with Ptolemy. ; died circa 283 B.C. Cartwright, Mark. AR drachm (17mm, 3.90 gm, 12h). Cartwright, Mark. Demetrius is credited with being the first to employ artillery mounted on warships to fire on other warships (as opposed to just cities), when he used both stone and arrow-throwing catapults in the battle. We have also been recommended for educational use by the following publications: Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization registered in Canada. When Antigonus was exiled in 322 BCE Demetrius accompanied his father and found refuge with the Macedonian general Antipater. He possessed an elaborate wardrobe of hats and cloaks, broad-brimmed hats with double mitres and robes of purple interwoven with gold, while his feet were clad in shoes of the richest purple felt embroidered with gold. Demetrius had more success against Cassander back on the Greek mainland in 304 BCE when he and his father extended their influence to include Aetolia and Boeotia. The rising military star shone even brighter when he famously defeated Ptolemy’s fleet at Salamis, off the coast of Cyprus in 306 BCE. Together they had two children Stratonice and Antigonus II Gonatas. Updates? Born circa 337 B.C. Omissions? Books Then, growing ever more ambitious, Demetrius sought to reclaim the Asian territories his father had once controlled. Unfortunately, the statue was toppled by an earthquake in 228 or 226 BCE. Demetrius did make some amends with successes in the region in 311/310 BCE. From his unsuccessful siege of Rhodes (305) he won the title Poliorcetes (“the Besieger”). Demetrius II Aetolicus (King) of MACEDONIA. Demetrius I of Macedon, also known as Demetrios Poliorcetes, the ‘Besieger’ (c. 336 - c. 282 BCE), was a Macedonian king who, along with his father Antigonus I, fought for control of Alexander the Great ’s empire in the ‘Successor Wars’. Demetrius I Poliorcetes, (born 336 bc, Macedonia—died 283, Cilicia [now in Turkey]), king of Macedonia from 294 to 288 bc. Noun 1. The son of Antigonus I, he proved himself a very able commander in … HRE Ferdinand I's 56-Great Grandfather. Demetrius I (Greek: Δημήτριος, 337-283 BC), called Poliorcetes (Greek: Πολιορκητής - "The Besieger"), son of Antigonus I Monophthalmus and Stratonice, was a king of Macedon (294–288 BC). CNG 99, Lot 86. But his licentiousness and extravagance made the Athenians long for the government of Cassander. 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