4 Zhang Part B Viewpoint Papua New Guinea, known as the Independent State of Papua New Guinea or PNG for short, is located in the southwest Pacific Ocean. Some in the region worry that the Papua New Guinea government will push back and try to block the secession -- Mohin accused the mainland of wanting to "keep the resources on the island.". They wanted to make sure the issue of fighting for independence was put to rest. "We just want everybody to respect our people's choice and give us what we want," he said. Alongside ongoing efforts for lasting peace, a question has been raised of whether the original demands by Panguna landowners which centered around justice for the people … That agreement promised a non-binding referendum on possible independence, which was held last year. Bougainville was to become part of an independent Papua New Guinea. So five months later, is Bougainville a country now? Updates on the world's countries and borders, Copyright © 2011-2020 Political Geography Now. Updated 0737 GMT (1537 HKT) December 11, 2019. The Pacific provides a range of unconventional forms of intra-state relationships and hybrid constitutional arrangements. The people of Bougainville will be launching a referendum this weekend which could put them on track to become the world’s newest independent country Cette paix, frui… The Papua New Guinea government will decide if Bougainville should become fully independent, and if so, when that will happen. Discussions about an independent Bougainville had been held as early as 1968. Next, the Bougainville and Papua New Guinea governments will need to meet and negotiate details for a new relationship. The thing is that if Bougainville turns into an independent state then a precedent will come into existence that separatist forces can draw from who are speaking out for the Indonesian provinces of West Papua and Papua, … The civil war had in part been over a dispute about the mine's management, and some predict Papua New Guinea will be reluctant to lose access to the region's valuable natural resources. Australia understands very well the depth of pro-independence feeling in Bougainville. However, if the outcome is a ‘no’ vote, or a ‘yes’ vote with a negative confirmation from the PNG parliament, then Bougainville may settle with the option of ‘greater autonomy’, which will allow Bougainville to continue its special autonomous status with greater powers as discussed earlier. Women and children wear traditional dress at a referendum polling station in Buka, Bougainville, on November 25, 2019. (CNN)An autonomous region of Papua New Guinea has voted overwhelmingly to leave the country and form a new independent nation, authorities announced on Wednesday. Un référendum sur l'indépendance de la Région autonome de Bougainville est organisé du 23 novembre au 7 décembre 2019 dans cette région de Papouasie-Nouvelle-Guinée. Australia won’t push PNG to deliver independence to Bougainville. For the Papua New Guinea government, the debate over Bougainville's … There were failed attempts at independence then, before simmering discontent erupted into a nine-year civil war that left thousands of people dead. Bougainville, formerly an Australian colonial territory, has had a fractious relationship with Papua New Guinea since joining the country in 1976. They were part of the Australian-administered territories of Papua and New Guinea until 1975. It’s not huge. The war was brought to a close by a peace agreement, which Mr Toroama signed. 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